Contact Us

We can help you:

  • Identify the cradle to grave GHG emissions of products
  • Identify GHG hot spots in your supply chain
  • Run material and process scenarios
  • Inform business and supply chain strategies   

To find out more or to request a demo, send us a message.

318 W 118th St
New York, NY, 10026
United States


understand your impact

Filtering by Category: Innovation

Combining Life Cycle Assessment with Data Science to Inform Portfolio-Level Value-Chain Engineering

Erika Whillas


A Case Study at PepsiCo Inc.

Christoph J. Meinrenken, Beth C. Sauerhaft, Anthony N. Garvan, and Klaus S. Lackner 

Summary: Life cycle assessment (LCA)-based analyses of company value chains can inspire profound modifications to products’ design, material procurement, manufacturing, energy/water use, distribution, use, and disposal. However, such modifications often create trade-offs, improving some aspects while worsening others. How can firms decide whether or not to carry out such modifications? Or prioritize between different options to choose the one delivering the most competitive advantage? Typically, firms’ metrics fall into two groups: (1) product-level metrics across the life cycle, including up- and downstream of facilities (e.g., product carbon footprints); and (2) facility-level metrics (e.g., plants’ annual energy cost). Neither is sufficient for firm-wide cost-benefit analyses of modifications that affect multiple products and value-chain stages. Whereas facility-level metrics do not capture up- and downstream effects—where often most cost and environmental impacts originate—life cycle methodologies are currently not mature enough to be applied at the scale of entire product portfolios. We present a pilot system of key performance indicators (KPIs) that evaluate 3,337 products across 211 brands and five countries of PepsiCo, Inc. KPIs are firm-wide, annual figures (environmental, operational, and financial) across the value chain (cradle to grave) and can be determined at any level (single product, brands, or regions). Uncertainty analysis is included. In addition to KPIs for base cases, the system characterizes KPI impacts for any considered modifications (what-if scenarios). In a detailed case study, we present background about how and why PepsiCo used the system to evaluate all aspects of a strategic value-chain modification. For 7 of the 211 brands, this resulted in avoiding an 8% increase in greenhouse gas emissions and a 7% to 10% increase in procurement costs. It also saved PepsiCo an estimated #200 years full-time equivalent employee time (or al- ternatively #US$30 million in LCA consultant fees) had the LCAs of the 3,337 SKUs been carried out by traditional methods. This cost efficiency of the KPI system enables consider- ing environmental impacts with more-traditional business metrics side by side. As a result, environmental impacts can be considered on a routine basis as part of integrated strategy and business planning. We discuss implementation considerations of the KPI methodology and future improvements.

Full report available through Yales' Journal of Industrial Ecology

Helping companies become more efficient with an app

Erika Whillas


"Amid the growing pressures on corporations to reduce their carbon footprint, Sally Phillips Paridis had a shrewd idea for a tool that would help them confront this problem - and be commercially viable. In 2012, while completing her Masters in Science and Sustainability Management at New York's Columbia University, Paridis wrote a paper on a web application she dreamed up that could help corporations analyse their products' footprint in a way that was accessible to all layers of an organisation.

Read full interview on the Advance website

Drive new innovation in data centers with shared performance metrics

Sally Paridis


When it comes to energy efficiency, it’s useful to think of a data center as the modern day factory. Of course, we can build a new facility to be as efficient as possible, looking at total energy consumption and other facility-level metrics like Power Usage Effectiveness (PUE).

But if we’re going to take inspiration from manufacturing concepts like Six Sigma or kaizen, and keep improving the efficiency of our operations year after year, we need to go deeper. That means new metrics that can accurately gauge the quality and efficiency behind the services that we’re delivering.  Read more about innovation and data centers.

CoClear wins 3rd place in Future Energy Pitch

Erika Whillas


The winners from last week's Future Energy event in New York were:

  1. Mike Dubrovsky of Simply Grid
  2. Amar Pradhan of Fluitec Wind
  3. Sally Paridis of CoClear

And the winner of the audience choice for best panelist was Zack Schildhorn of Lux Capital. Congrats Mike, Amar, Sally and Zack!

Future Energy is a community for entrepreneurs, researchers, and investors in the energy and clean-tech industries aimed at commercializing radical solutions to the world’s energy challenges.  The Future Energy community collaborates through in-person startup pitch events in key innovation centers across the U.S. and an accompanying online community for national and international participation

CoClear is an enterprise tool for multinational consumer brands to assess the financial and environmental impacts of the products they make make through life cycle analysis.

Visit the competition page



The North Face Sustainability Report: Normalized GHG Drops 1%

Erika Whillas

environmental learder

The North Face reduced its normalized greenhouse gas emissions by one percent year-on-year, but GHGs increased 1 percent over the company’s baseline year, according to the outdoor brand’s Sustainability Report Update for 2011. The report just provides figures for percentage differences between years rather than figures for normalized greenhouse gas production for individual years. From 2008 to 2009 the North Face’s normalized emissions jumped 5 percent, and from 2009 to 2010 they decreased 3 percent. Read 'The North Face Sustainability Report: Normalized GHG Drops 1%'



Panel: 2013 a Breakthrough Year for Company Sustainability

Erika Whillas

environmental learder

Companies will continue to make breakthroughs in sustainability in 2013, including collaborating on environmental goals, finding new ways to bring innovation into operations and developing net positive plans, according to predictions by World Wildlife Fund UK’s Dax Lovegrove and the Guardian Sustainable Business advisory panel. As companies increasingly understand the need for a green economy, ambitions in the private sector will become bolder, Lovegrove said (via the Guardian). Here are three areas where Lovegrove predicts companies will make breakthroughs next year.

Read 'Panel: 2013 a Breakthrough Year for Company Sustainability'